Strabismus occurs when the eyes are not aligned properly (for example one eye turns inward). This can occur in kids and adults. It can be a possible cause of double vision. Strabismus surgery strengthens or weakens eye muscles, which changes the alignment of the eyes relative to each other. The type of anesthesia depends on age/health and patient preference. Most children undergo general anesthesia. Adults typically have general anesthesia, conscious sedation or local anesthesia. The procedure is usually performed as an outpatient (come in and go home the same day).
How does the surgeon approach the eye muscles?
The eye muscles attach to the sclera (wall of the eye). The muscles are covered by a thin layer of transparent tissue called the conjunctiva. The surgeon incises the conjunctiva to access the eye muscle(s), and uses a delicate hook to isolate the muscle. The eyelids are held open by a small instrument called a lid speculum. No skin incisions are made. The eyeball is NOT removed from the eye socket during strabismus surgery.
A muscle recession weakens function by altering the attachment site on the eyeball. A suture is placed through the muscle at the attachment site to the eye. The muscle is cut from the surface of the eye and reattached further back from the front of the eye.
A muscle resection strengthens function by reattaching a muscle to the eyeball at the original insertion site after a portion is removed. A suture is placed through the muscle at the intended new attachment site. The segment of muscle between the suture and the eyeball is removed and the shortened muscle is reattached to the eye.
It is normal for the white part of the eyes to be red after surgery. It may take several weeks/months for the redness to disappear. The eyes are usually scratchy and are sore upon movement. The soreness usually improves after a few days. Some surgeons prefer an antibiotic or combination antibiotic/steroid drop or ointment after surgery.